MCW CHILLERS USING LINE VOLTAGE CONTROLS
INSTALLATION, OPERATION & MAINTENANCE MANUAL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
See manual binder and chiller electrical box for unit specific wiring diagram.
Congratulations on the purchase of your air conditioning chilled water system. No matter which of the following features was the reason you purchased this chilled water system we are sure it will meet your needs and will give you many years of efficient and trouble free use.
The chiller® series of staged chilled water systems are designed for boat applications starting at approximately 40 foot in length. They are available in capacities from 24,000 to 600,000 BTU's and voltages of 208, 230, and 460 volt 60 hertz and 220 or 380 volt 50 hertz, single or three phase. These systems can provide ideal solutions for problems of space requirements, amperage consumption and weight for both new boat and retrofit applications and are designed for marine applications incorporating the following features:
This manual is intended to provide the information necessary to ensure proper operation and maintenance of the chiller® series units. Misunderstood operating procedures can result in unsatisfactory performance and/or premature failure of these units, so before proceeding please read this manual completely.
The chiller® series units are covered under the existing Marine Air Systems warranty policy contained in this manual. In the interest of product improvement, Marine Air Systems' specifications and design are subject to change without prior notice.
MARINE AIR SYSTEMS
Marine Air Systems (MAS) is a manufacturer of air conditioning and refrigeration equipment for the marine industry. MAS is committed to innovative technology, competitively priced products and market leadership. The MAS team has many years of experience in the design, manufacture, application and support of marine air conditioning and refrigeration. Our practical experience and design capability allows our application engineers and customer support team to offer optimum solutions for your environmental control requirements.
Please contact the engineering department at Marine Air Systems with any comments or suggestions for improving this publication, your input would be appreciated. Our address and phone numbers are printed on the back cover of this manual.
Your chilled water air conditioning system consists of the chiller condensing unit, air handlers installed throughout the vessel, fresh water piping connecting the chiller to the air handlers, and the sea water system. The chiller condensing unit consists of three major components: the compressors, the "tube in tube" condenser coils and the evaporators (or heat exchangers). The chiller system is charged with a refrigerant which circulates throughout these components. The air handlers consist of two major components: the blower and a coil. Fresh water circulates through the piping from the chiller to each air handler and back.
In cooling mode, warm cabin air is drawn (or blown) across the air handler coil by the blower. Removing heat from the cabin air cools it and the cooled air is blown back into the cabin. The heat from the cabin air is transferred to the fresh water circulating through the coil. The warmed water is pumped back to the chiller. The water is circulated through the chiller evaporators where the heat is transferred to the refrigerant in the evaporator coil, thus cooling the "chilled" water. The "hot" gas is then circulated through the outer tube in the chiller condenser coils. Sea water is circulating through the inner tube of the condenser coils via the sea water system. The heat is transferred from the refrigerant to the sea water and pumped overboard taking the original cabin heat with it. The chilled water (not sea water) is then pumped back through the piping to the air handlers in a continuous loop as the cycle repeats.
If the vessel is heated, it is either by reverse cycle or electric heat. Each method pumps warm water from the chiller to the air handlers. For reverse cycle heating, the chiller refrigerant flows in the opposite direction through a reversing valve, thus adding heat to the fresh water loop, instead of removing it as in the cooling mode. Electric heat systems use a heater barrel to warm the fresh water. Some systems also use "chill chasers" which are electric heating coils built into the air handlers that warm the air directly.
Installation and servicing of this system can be hazardous due to system pressure and electrical components. Only trained and certified service personnel should install, repair, or service equipment. When working on this equipment, always observe precautions described in the literature, tags, and labels attached to the unit. Follow all safety codes. Wear safety glasses and work gloves and place a fire extinguisher close to the work area.
Never install your air handlers in the bilge or engine room areas. Insure that the selected location is sealed from direct access to bilge and/or engine room vapors. Do not terminate condensate drain line within four (4) feet of any outlet of engine or generator exhaust systems, nor in a compartment housing an engine or generator, nor in a bilge, unless the drain is connected properly to a sealed condensate or shower sump pump.
Danger! Electrical shock hazard. Disconnect voltage at main panel or power source inlet before opening any cover. Failure to comply may result in injury or death.
Warning! To minimize the hazard of electrical shock and personal injury, this component must be effectively grounded. Refer to installation guidelines for further information.
Notice: This component is charged with a HYDROCHLOROFLUOROCARBON (HCFC) refrigerant R22. Effective July 1, 1992 it shall be unlawful for any person to knowingly vent or otherwise knowingly release any class I (CFC) or class II (HCFC) substance as a refrigerant in a manner which permits such substance to enter the atmosphere per the clean air act of 1990. Public law 101-549 title IV section 608-C. Failure to comply may result in severe penalties, including fines and imprisonment.
AIR HANDLER: The fan coil unit that circulates air into a specific area for heating or cooling. Three types of air handlers are available:
Draw Thru - An air handler with the fan positioned to pull or draw air from the cabin across the air handler coil and deliver the conditioned air through duct work back into the cabin.
Blow Thru - An air handler with the fan positioned to push or blow cabin air across the air handler coil directly into the cabin. No duct work is used on this type of air handler.
Slim Line - A modular blow thru air handler with interchangeable panels for alternate supply and return air locations. Duct work may be used on this type of air handler, however it must be a short plenum with the same size as the supply air opening in the unit to a same sized grille.
BLEEDER PORTS: Capped ports connected to 1/4" flexible tubing located on the air handlers for purging air from the chilled water circulation system.
BONDING: In the vessel's electrical system, any metal that might come into contact with salt water is connected to the bonding circuit to help alleviate the effects of electrolysis (follow ABYC standards).
BTU: (British Thermal Unit) A common term used to define and measure capacity or refrigeration effect.
CFM: Abbreviation for "cubic feet per minute", a term used to specify the amount of air flow through the air handlers and ducting.
CHILL CHASER: An auxiliary electric heater located in the air handler.
CHILLED WATER CIRCULATION CIRCUIT: Supply and return piping from the chiller to the air handlers. The supply piping carries chilled water (in cool mode) from the chiller to the air handlers. Return piping carries warmed water (in cool mode) from the air handlers back to the chiller. The supply and return piping form a continuous closed loop.
CHILLED WATER CIRCULATION PUMP: A centrifugal pump used to circulate the fresh water between the chiller and the air handlers for heat transfer. Since this pump is located in a "closed loop" system, it does not need to be installed below the water line of the vessel. Whereas the sea water pump does need to be installed below the water line.
CIRCUIT BREAKER: An electrical device which provides high current and short circuit protection for the compressors and pumps used in the chiller. HACR (heating, air conditioning & refrigeration) type circuit breakers are recommended for the ship's panel. HACR circuit breakers have a long delay to compensate for the electrical surge associated with compressors.
COMPRESSOR: An electrical motor/pump that draws cool, low pressure refrigerant gas and compresses the gas into a hot, high pressure gas.
COMPRESSOR OVERLOAD: An electrical device used to protect the compressor from excessive heat or current draw.
CONDENSATE DRAIN PAN: The pan directly under the air handler's coil for removal of the "condensed" moisture taken out of the cabin air. Two drain spud attachments are provided for connection to drain hoses for proper removal of the water to a sump. There is also a condensate drain pan located under each chiller and the chilled water pump.
CONDENSER: The heat exchanger through which heat is transferred between the refrigerant in the chiller and the sea water flowing through the coils and manifold.
ELECTRIC HEAT: Electric resistance heaters are used as a chill chaser in the air handlers to warm the air, or in the chiller heater barrels to warm the circulating water, in heat mode.
EXPANSION TANK: A container housing a diaphragm (20 psig) to cushion against any water hammer in the circulation system piping. It also provides for expansion of the water volume as the water is heated.
FAN SPEED CONTROL: An "on/off" switch that also regulates the amount of voltage supplied to the fan motor, thus controlling the speed at which the motor turns.
FLOW SWITCH: A control device located on the chilled water supply side of each of the brazed plate heat exchangers that prevents the system from operating until water flow has been established, and turns the system off if the water flow is insufficient.
FREEZE STAT: A low temperature thermostat used as a control device to sense chilled water temperatures and shut the entire condensing unit off when supply water temperatures in the circulation piping system reach 38°F. This prevents the possibility of rupturing the chilled water evaporator coil, as well as any other piping in the system, due to the water freezing.
FRESH WATER FILL SYSTEM: Components installed on the return line to the chiller for filling the circulation circuit piping system.
GPM: Abbreviation for "gallons per minute", a term used to specify the amount of water flow through the chilled water or sea water system.
HIGH LIMIT SWITCH: A high temperature thermostat used as a safety device to shut down the condensing unit when the water temperature in the circulation piping circuit reaches 120ºF. This prevents the possibility of damaging any PVC piping or any other components due to the water getting too hot.
HIGH/LOW PRESSURE SWITCHES: Electrical control devices operated by high and low side system refrigerant pressures respectively. If pressure is too high (425psig) or too low (35psig) the appropriate switch automatically opens the electrical circuit and shuts down the respective compressor. These switches reset automatically.
MOTORIZED WATER VALVE: An electrically operated 3-way water regulating valve on an individual air handler controlled by the thermostat. This valve provides water flow through the air handler when opened, and bypasses water flow from the supply side to the return side when closed.
PUMP RELAY PANEL (PRP): Used with more than one chiller, the PRP is a circuit board module wired between the chillers and the chilled water or sea water pump (one PRP for each pump). When any of the chillers is turned on to heat or cool both PRPs are energized and switch each pump on. Each PRP should have its own circuit breaker sized for the pump, but not to exceed 20 amps.
REVERSING VALVE: (on reverse cycle units only) An electromagnetically controlled valve that reverses the flow of refrigerant between the condenser and evaporator of the chilled water condensing unit, thereby permitting heat to be extracted from the cabin in the cooling mode and added into the cabin in the heating mode.
RUN CAPACITOR: An electrical storage device used to reduce amperage to some electric motors for more efficient operation.
SEA WATER PUMP: A pump and motor combination that provides a continuous water flow through the condenser coil(s). The sea water pump must be installed below the water line for proper operation.
SEA WATER STRAINER: A housing containing a screen made of metal nylon to filter out debris drawn into the sea water circuit that could foul up the sea water pump or piping. The strainer must located between the thru hull inlet and sea water pump.
START CAPACITOR: An electrical component that assists the compressor by releasing stored current during initial start up.
START RELAY: An electrical device that controls the duration of voltage supplied from the start capacitor to the compressor on start up.
THERMOSTAT: An adjustable control device which senses room temperature, via an air thermistor or sensor, and operates the motorized valve on an air handler for water flow.
THERMOSTATIC EXPANSION VALVE: A metering device used to convert high pressure liquid refrigerant to low pressure liquid refrigerant.
THRU HULL FITTING: There are two different thru hull fittings used in the sea water circuit. The speed scoop strainer inlet fitting is mounted below the water and serves as the inlet for the sea water circuit. The discharge thru hull fitting is mounted above the water line and serves as the outlet for the sea water circuit.
TIME DELAY RELAY: An electronic device used to delay and stage the starting of multiple compressors.
TON: In refrigeration/air conditioning, a ton is the amount of heat absorbed in melting a ton (2000 lbs) of ice over a 24-hour period. The ton of refrigeration is equal to 288,000 Btu in 24 hours. Divide 288,000 by 24 and get 12,000 Btu per hour. Therefore, one ton of refrigeration = 12,000 Btu/hr.
|All chiller condensing units are supplied with a terminal strip mounted
inside the electrical box. The electrical supply, ground wires, and pump
circuits are all connected at this terminal strip. All units must be
effectively grounded to minimize the hazard of electric shock and personal
injury. The following are to be observed:
1. AC (alternating current) grounding (green wire) must be provided with the AC power conductors and connected to the ground terminal (marked "GRND") at the AC power input terminal block of the unit(s), per ABYC standard E-8, or equivalent.
2. Connections between the vessel's AC system grounding conductor (green wire) and the vessel's DC (Direct Current) negative or bonding system should be made as part of the vessel's wiring, per ABYC standard E-9, or equivalent.
3. When servicing or replacing existing equipment that contains a chassis-mounted "ground" stud, the service person or installer must check the vessel's wiring for the existence of the connection required in item 2 above.
ABYC standards are available from: American Boat and Yacht Council
3069 Solomon's Island Rd.
Edgewater, MD 21036 Telephone: (410) 956-1050
The condenser manifold comes equipped with a tab for wiring to the ship's bonding system. The chiller must be connected to the ship's bonding system to prevent corrosion due to stray electrical current or voltage. All pumps, metallic valves and fittings in the sea water circuit that are isolated from the unit by PVC or rubber hoses must be individually bonded to the vessels bonding system also. This will help eliminate any possibility of corrosion due to stray current or voltage.
FAILURE TO PROPERLY GROUND AND BOND THE SYSTEM WILL VOID WARRANTY!
For all three phase chilled water condensing units (power source is either 208/230 VAC/3 or 460/380 VAC/3), it is extremely important to insure that wiring and phase sequencing of the three phase power source is correct. Marine wiring standards call for power source phases L1, L2, and L3 to be color-coded BLACK, WHITE, and RED, respectively. These must be connected to the unit with the proper sequence. Otherwise, it will not operate properly. If the wiring sequence is incorrect, the units compressor (Scroll type only) and pump (if applicable) will run in the reverse direction at a significantly increased noise level. Reverse compressor operation will result in increased suction pressure and reduced head pressure, but it will not permanently damage any aspect of the unit. No cooling will be produced. If the circulating pump runs in the reverse direction, the closed water loop will not achieve high enough operating pressures and air can not be eliminated from the system. If the sea water pump runs in the reverse direction, it will not deliver adequate cooling water to the condenser. The electric heat may work properly, but reverse cycle heating will not.
The chilled water condensing units are designed to be installed below deck either in the engine room, machinery compartment, lazarette, or similar type area. They are unaffected by vibration, moisture or ambient temperatures up to 140°F (60°C). These units must be well secured on a sturdy, level surface with the two mounting brackets provided. The MCW Chiller must be installed so that it is accessible for service when required. Multi-stage chillers must have at least 12" of free space on the side for plumbing to the manifolds. The condensing unit is hermetically sealed and requires no ventilation for proper operation. Normal engine room temperatures will not affect operation of the condensing unit.
The electric box can either remain mounted on the chiller, as shipped from the factory, or remote mounted. Single phase units with Inertia compressors have position sensitive components in the electric box which must be mounted lid up, same as on the chiller. Three phase chillers or single phase chillers with Scroll compressors have electric boxes that can be remote mounted either vertically or horizontally. Remote mounted electric boxes must be secured to bulkheads or study frames.
Air handlers are designed in three types of configurations; blow thru, draw thru and slim line, to allow for diversity and flexibility in application. All types must be fastened securely and level for proper operation and condensation removal. All air handlers must have an unrestricted return air stream. Air handlers, and their return air inlets, must not be located in areas open to bilges, lazarettes, heads or other areas where fumes or odors can be introduced into the conditioned air supply.
Before mounting the air handler digital display panel touch pad, consider the location. The air sensor built into the display panel will provide excellent room air temperature sensing given a proper installation. The display panel should be mounted on an inside wall, slightly higher than mid-height of the cabin, in a location with freely circulating air where it can best sense average temperature. Do not mount the display in direct sunlight, near any heat producing appliances or in a bulkhead where temperatures radiating from behind the panel may effect performance. Do not mount the display above or below a supply or return air grille or in the supply air stream. Do not mount the display behind a door, in a corner, under a stairwell or any place where there is no freely circulating air. Mount the display within display cable length (custom lengths available) of the air handler. Plug the cable into the circuit board in the electrical box and into the back of the display panel. Secure the display panel to a bulkhead with the adhesive strips provided. Clean the mounting surface with isopropyl alcohol only prior to placement (test alcohol on hidden portion of surface first). If the adhesive strips cannot be used, use #6 truss head screws to mount the display. The panel has predrilled holes in each corner that can be accessed by peeling back the adhesive strips. Carefully & slowly drill 5/32" holes through the front of the lexan cover lining up with the predrilled holes in back. Do not use a screw gun and do not over-tighten screws when mounting panel. Over-tightening screws will damage the lexan cover. If a proper location for room temperature sensing cannot be found for the display, an optional remote air sensor may be used. Mount the remote air sensor in the return air stream behind the return air grille/opening and plug its cable into the appropriately marked socket on the circuit board. See appropriate air handler control manual for programming and operation.
Good air flow is critical for the performance of the entire system. It is highly dependent on the quality of the ducting installation. The ducting should be run as straight, smooth and taut as possible minimizing the number of 90 degree bends (two tight 90 degree bends can reduce airflow by 25%). The following table shows minimum duct diameters and their corresponding return and supply air grille areas in square inches. If a transition box is used, the total area of supply air ducts going out of the box should equal the area of the supply duct feeding the box. To calculate the square inch area of a round duct: divide the diameter by two to get the radius (r), multiply the radius by itself (r²), and multiply that number by 3.1416 (). The following is a summary of proper ducting connections:
All ducting should:
The design of a proper supply ducting system in a boat begins with the outlet from the blower. The blower ring sizes used by MAS are designed to keep the air velocity and frictional pressure drop relatively low on the supply air side. Reducing the blower ring size will create higher air velocities. Higher air velocities will increase pressure drop and increase air flow noise. Increased pressure drop will reduce the overall air flow (CFM) and the heating or cooling capacity of the unit (BTU/hr). In order to keep the air to an acceptable velocity a ducting system should have the same cross sectional area as the blower ring. The following table shows the cross sectional area needed for each size unit as well as the size of the duct ring supplied on the unit.
Several circumstances may be encountered where a larger duct size may be needed to achieve the desired air flow for a particular unit. These include excessively long duct runs (greater than twenty feet), large numbers of bends in the duct runs (greater than 3-90º bends), or a transition box located at the outlet of the blower. In each of these cases a duct size one inch larger than that shown in the table above should be used.
MAS recommends that ducting not be used on the return air side of a unit. However, if the unit must be return air ducted, it is recommended that the return air duct size be at least one inch larger in diameter than the supply air duct size.
The recommended minimum duct length for a draw thru type air handler is five feet (1.52m). This length prevents motor noise or vane tip noise on the blower wheel from being audible in the cabin area. The maximum duct length of twenty feet (6.04m) should not be exceeded. These longer duct runs can prevent proper air flow delivery, causing poor operation and performance.
When using ducting transition boxes, the total outlet area should be at least equal to the inlet area.
Built-in air plenums should be constructed to deliver proper air flow and minimize air noise. Plenums should be fully pressurized by the air delivery through the duct work and incorporate diffusers when necessary to create an even flow across the entire surface of the supply grille or outlet. The cross sectional area of the plenum should be equal to, or slightly bigger than, the supply duct. Undersized plenums create air turbulence and generally cause "noisy" air delivery. Oversized plenums do not pressurize sufficiently and cause poor or no air flow. All air plenums must be thoroughly sealed to prevent air leakage. Plenums constructed of conductive materials must be insulated properly to prevent condensation and possible water damage. Wood is a conductive material and should be sealed to prevent delamination, and insulated where necessary.
The return air grille should be placed as close as possible to the air handler to maintain direct uninterrupted airflow to the coil. It should also be mounted as low as possible. The return air grille should not be located in such a way that the supply air blows directly into it. This will cause "short cycling" which results in poor performance and inadequate air conditioning. All return air grilles must have a filter attached to prevent dust or particle build up in the coil. If return air grilles are not used (i.e., louvered doors, hidden cut outs, etc.) a clip on filter should be attached to the air handler making sure that there is enough clearance for access to the filter for cleaning.
The supply air grille should be mounted as high as possible in the cabin to ensure proper air flow. This application permits air flow across the ceiling of the cabin and causes natural convection currents with the cool supply air falling, and forcing the warm air through the return air stream or up to the ceiling to mix with the cooler air being distributed. Failure to deliver the supply air high can result in stratification of the air in a cabin, causing cooler temperatures near the floor and warmer temperatures near the ceiling.
These units are ductable air handlers with rotatable blower assemblies, providing diverse arrangements for supplying air to one or more cabins. They are designed to be installed low in a cabin area, under seats or berths, or in the bottom of lockers to maintain a return air stream close to floor level. Fastening the air handlers is accomplished through the four (4) mounting brackets provided. The blower assembly should be rotated, if necessary, to provide the most direct ducting run possible.
These units are nonductable air handlers designed to be installed high in a cabin area: at the top of lockers, bulkhead corners or overhead compartments. They can be fastened securely using the four mounting grommets located in the upper four corners of the mounting plate.
As no duct work is used, blow thru air handlers must be able to deliver air directly into cabin areas. They must be located against the inside of a bulkhead or partition common to the cabin to be conditioned. The supply air grille must be at least equal in surface area and dimensions to the coil.
If the air handler cannot be flush mounted against the bulkhead or partition, a plenum chamber can be attached between the face of the coil and the inside of the partition. This plenum must be equal or slightly larger than the coil surface, sealed completely, and be a short, straight run. Due to their design, the blow thru air handlers cannot be connected to excessively long plenums, multi-directional plenums, or any duct work.
The return air to a blow thru air handler is provided through a properly sized grille (at least equal to the size of the coil) located underneath, alongside, or behind the air handler. While this return air grille is located higher in the cabin and close to the air handler than a typical draw thru application, proper air circulation is still achieved.
Slim line air handlers are used in limited space situations. They are similar in application to the blow thru air handlers, however, slim lines can be mounted low in side panels and narrow bulkhead spaces. Currently, the slim line is constructed in two modules, the blower and the coil. The two modules can be configured horizontally or vertically. The horizontal configuration is used for overhead mounting and the vertical configuration is used for mounting behind bulkheads and panels. The return air grille must be the same size as on the unit. Slim line units can be ducted with the use of plenums. Follow the same guidelines for the blow thru units for plenum construction.
All units come with condensate drains. Under adverse climate conditions (for example, high humidity) condensate water could be produced at a rate of approximately one gallon per hour. With this in mind, it is important to route condensate drains aft and downward to a sump or overboard discharge, utilizing all standard practices for securing hoses and mounting thru-hull fittings. After the condensate installation is complete, test the installation by pouring a quart of water into the pan and checking for flow overboard. For installation of the condensate drain:
If dual drain fittings are used: These may be connected to a single condensation drain line, provided that a minimum 2" (5.08cm) drop exists from the base pan drains to the connection fittings.
The chillers condensing units are water cooled and require a properly sized sea water pump for operation. The sea water pumps are sized according to the BTU capacity of the chilled water unit. The sea water pump must be installed so that it is always at least one foot below the water line regardless of which tack the vessel is on. If the capacity of your air conditioning system is greater than or equal to 48,000 BTU/hr, the sea water pump is most likely air cooled and will need occasional oiling. See manufacturer's labeling on the pump for maintenance instructions.
IMPORTANT: Each pump relay panel (PRP) must have a dedicated circuit breaker sized for the pump but not to exceed 20 amps maximum.
IMPORTANT: Pumps greater than one horsepower (1HP) must be connected through a pump relay panel, this is true even for single stage units, because the chiller's HRC toggle switch cannot handle the amp load of a larger sea water pump.
Sea water temperature will directly affect the chiller's efficiency. This chiller can effectively cool your boat in water temperatures up to 90ºF and heat (if reverse cycle option is installed) in water as low as 40ºF. Use electric heat (if installed) in sea water temperatures below 40ºF.
INSTALL THE SEA WATER SPEED SCOOP INTAKE AS FAR BELOW THE WATER LINE AND AS CLOSE TO THE KEEL AS POSSIBLE IN ANY APPLICATION, BUT ESPECIALLY ON A SAIL BOAT, TO KEEP THE INTAKE IN THE WATER WHEN THE BOAT HEELS OVER SO THAT AIR DOES NOT GET INTO THE SYSTEM. A speed scoop should be utilized to insure positive water flow while the vessel is underway. The speed scoop must be installed facing forward and not be shared with any other pump. A full flow bronze sea cock (ball valve), connected directly to the speed scoop intake, must be used to be able to disrupt the incoming water to the sea strainer and pump should the need arise. The thru-hull, strainer, and hoses should be equal in size to the pump inlet. Bed the speed scoop and thru hull with a marine type sealant.
Since the sea water pump is centrifugal and not self-priming, it must be mounted so that it is always at least one foot below the water line regardless of which tack the vessel is on. The pump may be mounted horizontally or vertically, however the discharge must always be above the inlet. The pump head should be rotated toward the direction of water flow. It is recommended that all hose connections be secured by means of double/reversed stainless steel hose clamps. A sea strainer between the sea cock and pump is mandatory to protect the pump from foreign matter, such as seaweed. Not using a sea water strainer will void the pump warranty and jeopardize the entire system. The sea water system must be installed with an upward incline from the seacock through the strainer to the inlet of the pump and then up to the chiller condenser coil/manifold inlet.
From the discharge outlet of the pump, route the plumbing to the inlet connection on the condenser coil/ manifold. This hose should be plumbed as straight and smooth as possible, with no loops or vertical bends, so that it is self-draining and consequently self-purging. The discharge outlet of the condenser must be plumbed overboard using a discharge thru-hull located above the water line. The location selected for the overboard discharge thru-hull should be accessible for periodic visual inspection and as close to the water line as practicable to reduce noise. It is recommended that marine grade reinforced hose be used as well as double/reversed stainless steel hose clamps throughout the sea water system.
Follow these guidelines for installing the sea water system:
The water circulation system is designed as a closed loop circuit connecting all air handlers to the chillers. Piping size and type is determined by the overall BTU capacity of the system and the type of heat used. For COOL ONLY systems use SCH 40 PVC minimum. For REVERSE CYCLE or ELECTRIC HEAT systems use SCH 80 PVC, CPVC or Copper Pipe. The following chart provides information for sizing the chilled water piping. Installing pipe that is too small will increase water velocities which may cause erosion of piping. Also, excessive water side pressure drops can occur which will reduce the water flow to the air handlers resulting in reduced performance. See pages 15 & 16 for a typical chilled water and sea water systems installation diagram.
If individual piping runs exceed fifty feet (15.24m), the next larger pipe size is recommended, this will help reduce the pressure drop through the system. The "System Capacity" listed in the chart above is measured at any given point in the chilled water loop. Size the piping according to the total capacity of air handlers fed from that point. Counter flow piping of the supply and return lines from the chiller will assure equal water flow through all air handlers (i.e., the air handler closest to the chiller will have the shortest length of supply water piping and the longest length of return water piping and vice versa). Excessive pressure drops between air handlers will be eliminated with this type of piping arrangement. Ends of main and branch chilled water lines should be extended and capped. This will help to balance the water pressure, act as a cushion against water hammer, provide a clean-out port, guard against pipe erosion and provide proper water flow to all air handlers. See sample piping schematic on pages 15 & 16 of this manual.
The chilled water circulation circuit shall not be connected to the potable water system.
The return side circulation circuit pressure gauge should read approximately 12psig when the system is running in cool mode and up to 20psig in heat mode. See "Fresh Water Fill System".
[11x17 DWG # H0050001]
[11x17 DWG # H0050001]
CHILLED WATER PUMP
The chiller requires a properly sized chilled water pump for operation.
Centrifugal pumps are recommended due to their quiet operation and
longevity with minimal maintenance. The chilled water pumps are sized
according to the BTU capacity of the chilled water unit. Service (ball)
valves should be placed close to the inlet and the outlet of the chilled
water pump for aid in servicing and flushing chilled water loop. A
strainer should be placed between the inlet of the pump and the ball valve
to catch any particles in the circulation circuit.
SUGGESTED PIPING TO AIR HANDLERS
Marine Air Systems strongly recommends the use of 3/4" ball valves
at each air handler to assist in start-up and overall serviceability of
the system. The hose barbs supplied by MAS are for 5/8" marine grade
hose (hose has 1/2" I.D.). Flexible reinforced hose is recommended
for vibration isolation between the water circuit valves and the air
handler. Couple the 5/8" hose from the air handler to the 3/4"
ball valve and run 3/4" pipe or hose (1" for air handlers over
24,000 BTU) from the ball valve to the chilled water lines. Each hose
connection should use double/reversed stainless steel hose clamps. See the
FRESH WATER FILL SYSTEM
The fresh water fill system must be installed on the return side
of the circulation circuit and can be teed into the main return line at
any convenient location. The system consists of a water pressure
regulating valve assembly (with ball valve, check valve and hose bib,
model HWRV), an expansion tank (model HXTK) and a pressure gauge. The
system is installed with the pressure gauge closest to the main return
line, then the expansion tank and then the water pressure regulating valve
with the hose bib at the end (see the diagram on pages 15 & 16 of this
manual). All three components are single direction position sensitive.
Check each component's markings (inlet, outlet, water flow direction)
before assembling system.
The water regulating valve (ball valve) is opened during filling and/or
purging of the circulation circuit, and is closed while the system is in
normal operation. While filling the system, this valve reduces the
incoming water pressure to approximately 12psig (factory set), which is
the static pressure for the chilled water system. The expansion tank
allows the water in the system to expand as it gets hot when the chiller
is in heat mode. The expansion tank also acts as a cushion against
"water hammer". The expansion tank must be securely mounted to
prevent vibration, and can be mounted in a horizontal or vertical
position. The return side circulation circuit pressure gauge should read
approximately 12psig on the return side of the system when running in cool
mode and up to 20psig in heat mode.
Proper insulation of the chilled water circuit is necessary to insure
maximum performance as well as protect against excessive condensation and
possible water damage to the vessel. Use a closed cell type insulation
rated down to 40°F. Follow these instructions for installing insulation:
1. For pipes less than 1" in diameter, use ¾" thick tube
insulation. For pipes equal to or greater than 1" in diameter, use
1" thick tube insulation. Slide the tube insulation on each section
of pipe prior to making the connections.
2. After making the connections, push the tube insulation flush against
the fitting. Trim if necessary to ensure a smooth application with no air
3. Pipe insulation should be glued and not tie wrapped.
Tie wrapping will compress the insulation and cause poor performance.
There must be no air pockets between the pipe and the insulation. All
joints must be glued. All insulation must be air tight.
4. If the tube insulation is installed after the circulation piping
circuit is connected, proceed as follows:
5. When insulating fittings, follow the manufacturer's recommendation
for the application of tube insulation. If insulation tape is used, follow
the manufacturer's specifications to achieve equivalent R-value to the
insulation of adjacent pipes. Overlap insulation with tape to insure that
no ambient air is in contact with pipes or fittings. All insulation
must be air tight.
The entire circulation circuit piping must be securely fastened in the
vessel. The following recommendations should be followed:
1. Secure the insulated piping into the vessel using:
2. Compressing the tube insulation will cause condensation through the
surface, resulting in saturation of the insulation and possible water
damage to the interior of the vessel.
3. Any insulated pipe passing through a bulkhead should be supported
with a piece of rigid material of sufficient length to distribute the
weight evenly over a large surface. This will prevent excessive
compression of the insulation.
METAL TO PVC FITTINGS: If connections are made between PVC fittings and
metal fittings, always use a male pipe thread on the PVC fitting and a
female pipe thread on the metal fitting. Reversing the type of fittings
can cause the PVC to crack if over-tightened.
90° ELBOWS: All PVC piping should be installed with as few 90° elbow
fittings as possible. Excessive bends can cause pressure drop in the
system, affecting performance. Every 90° elbow is equivalent to adding 2½
feet of additional pipe.
MISCELLANEOUS OPTIONAL COMPONENTS
[11x17 DWG # H0050001]
CHILLED WATER PUMP
The chiller requires a properly sized chilled water pump for operation. Centrifugal pumps are recommended due to their quiet operation and longevity with minimal maintenance. The chilled water pumps are sized according to the BTU capacity of the chilled water unit. Service (ball) valves should be placed close to the inlet and the outlet of the chilled water pump for aid in servicing and flushing chilled water loop. A strainer should be placed between the inlet of the pump and the ball valve to catch any particles in the circulation circuit.
SUGGESTED PIPING TO AIR HANDLERS
Marine Air Systems strongly recommends the use of 3/4" ball valves at each air handler to assist in start-up and overall serviceability of the system. The hose barbs supplied by MAS are for 5/8" marine grade hose (hose has 1/2" I.D.). Flexible reinforced hose is recommended for vibration isolation between the water circuit valves and the air handler. Couple the 5/8" hose from the air handler to the 3/4" ball valve and run 3/4" pipe or hose (1" for air handlers over 24,000 BTU) from the ball valve to the chilled water lines. Each hose connection should use double/reversed stainless steel hose clamps. See the diagram below.
FRESH WATER FILL SYSTEM
The fresh water fill system must be installed on the return side of the circulation circuit and can be teed into the main return line at any convenient location. The system consists of a water pressure regulating valve assembly (with ball valve, check valve and hose bib, model HWRV), an expansion tank (model HXTK) and a pressure gauge. The system is installed with the pressure gauge closest to the main return line, then the expansion tank and then the water pressure regulating valve with the hose bib at the end (see the diagram on pages 15 & 16 of this manual). All three components are single direction position sensitive. Check each component's markings (inlet, outlet, water flow direction) before assembling system.
The water regulating valve (ball valve) is opened during filling and/or purging of the circulation circuit, and is closed while the system is in normal operation. While filling the system, this valve reduces the incoming water pressure to approximately 12psig (factory set), which is the static pressure for the chilled water system. The expansion tank allows the water in the system to expand as it gets hot when the chiller is in heat mode. The expansion tank also acts as a cushion against "water hammer". The expansion tank must be securely mounted to prevent vibration, and can be mounted in a horizontal or vertical position. The return side circulation circuit pressure gauge should read approximately 12psig on the return side of the system when running in cool mode and up to 20psig in heat mode.
Proper insulation of the chilled water circuit is necessary to insure maximum performance as well as protect against excessive condensation and possible water damage to the vessel. Use a closed cell type insulation rated down to 40°F. Follow these instructions for installing insulation:
1. For pipes less than 1" in diameter, use ¾" thick tube insulation. For pipes equal to or greater than 1" in diameter, use 1" thick tube insulation. Slide the tube insulation on each section of pipe prior to making the connections.
2. After making the connections, push the tube insulation flush against the fitting. Trim if necessary to ensure a smooth application with no air pockets.
3. Pipe insulation should be glued and not tie wrapped. Tie wrapping will compress the insulation and cause poor performance. There must be no air pockets between the pipe and the insulation. All joints must be glued. All insulation must be air tight.
4. If the tube insulation is installed after the circulation piping circuit is connected, proceed as follows:
5. When insulating fittings, follow the manufacturer's recommendation for the application of tube insulation. If insulation tape is used, follow the manufacturer's specifications to achieve equivalent R-value to the insulation of adjacent pipes. Overlap insulation with tape to insure that no ambient air is in contact with pipes or fittings. All insulation must be air tight.
The entire circulation circuit piping must be securely fastened in the vessel. The following recommendations should be followed:
1. Secure the insulated piping into the vessel using:
2. Compressing the tube insulation will cause condensation through the surface, resulting in saturation of the insulation and possible water damage to the interior of the vessel.
3. Any insulated pipe passing through a bulkhead should be supported with a piece of rigid material of sufficient length to distribute the weight evenly over a large surface. This will prevent excessive compression of the insulation.
METAL TO PVC FITTINGS: If connections are made between PVC fittings and metal fittings, always use a male pipe thread on the PVC fitting and a female pipe thread on the metal fitting. Reversing the type of fittings can cause the PVC to crack if over-tightened.
90° ELBOWS: All PVC piping should be installed with as few 90° elbow fittings as possible. Excessive bends can cause pressure drop in the system, affecting performance. Every 90° elbow is equivalent to adding 2½ feet of additional pipe.
MISCELLANEOUS OPTIONAL COMPONENTS
The following are suggested for better maintenance and operation of a chilled water system.
Sight Glass: Installed in the supply or return main pipes of the circulation circuit at an accessible location, the sight glass will provide visual inspection of the water flow for proper volume or air pockets.
Strainer: Installed in the return line to the circulation pump to catch debris and particles from installation of the piping (see diagram on page 15 & 16 of this manual). The strainer basket should be made of a fine mesh material to contain small particles. A clear base strainer could act as a sight glass also.
Ball Valves: Installed at the inlet and outlet of the circulation circuit pump are used to isolate the pump and access the circuit for maintenance, etc. If using a strainer as mentioned above, install the strainer between the ball valve and the pump inlet.
Water Pressure Gauges: Two gauges installed in the circulation circuit, one in the supply side and one in the return side, to monitor continuously for pressure drops in the system (the supply side gauge is optional, the return side gauge is mandatory).
After the chilled water system has been completely installed, the circulation circuit should be flushed to remove any contaminants or particles in the piping. Follow these instructions for flushing the circulation circuit:
1. Shut off the service valves to the air handlers.
2. Remove the flexible hose connection from the inlet hose barb on each air handler.
3. Remove the flexible hose connection from the outlet hose barb on the chilled water circuit.
4. Attach these two hoses using a hose barb. Do this at each air handler.
NOTE: The circuit may be flushed prior to attaching air handlers by following steps 4-9.
5. Install a strainer in-line to the suction side of the circulation pump to catch any particles. The strainer can be permanently installed in the system at this point to provide continuous trapping of any loose contaminants as well as provide a means to visually inspect water flow to determine air entrapment, glycol concentrations, etc.
6. Fill the system circulation circuit with water and run the circulation pump for fifteen minutes.
7. Turn off the circulation pump and close the service valves to the pump.
8. Remove and clean the strainer basket.
9. This procedure (steps 6-8) should be repeated until no particles or contaminants are visible in the strainer basket.
10. Upon completion of the above, drain the circulation circuit and reconnect the air handlers.
Pre-mix a glycol and fresh water solution per manufacturers specifications for your application. Use enough glycol to prevent freezing of pipes when vessel is not in use, but do not use more glycol than recommended. Mix the solution in a large container and either use a submersible pump (MAS P-500) or use the circulation circuit pump, priming the pump first, to introduce the solution into the circuit piping.
1. Connect hose from submersible pump to bib on water regulating valve and open the ball valve. Or, if using circulation pump, disconnect pump inlet hose from closed ball valve and place hose in solution after priming pump.
2. Turn the air handler circuit breakers 'ON'
3. Set all the air handler controllers to open their motorized water valves (refer to air handler control manual). Water valves may be opened manually if no power is available. Access the lever on top of the valve by removing the rubber boot.
4. Locate the bleeder ports on the air handlers on the highest deck.
5. Loosen the bleeder port on each air handler to allow air and water to drain into the air handlers condensate pan.
6. Start pump.
7. When no more air is coming out of bleeder and a continuous stream of water is visible, retighten the cap on the bleeder port.
8. Check the condensate pan for proper drainage.
9. Repeat steps 5-8 on every remaining air handler, as well as the bleeder port on the chiller, working down from the top deck.
10. Leak check all fittings and connections at this time. If a leak is found, close the fresh water fill valve and repair the leak. Repeat steps 1-9.
11. Steps 4-8 may need to be repeated until all air is removed from the circulation circuit.
12. Turn the air handler circuit breakers 'OFF'.
13. Turn pump off (and reconnect hose). Close the fresh water fill valve.
14. The pressure gauge should read approximately 12psig. Use the water regulating valve to adjust system pressure. See "Fresh Water Fill System".
For the purpose of protecting the environment, collect and discard discharged glycol solution in accordance with federal, state or local regulations.
Set points for the thermostats are set at the factory and should not be changed. The set points are:
When the chiller is turned on, the circulation (chilled) water temperature will decrease or increase depending whether the chiller is in cool or heat mode. In cool mode, the compressors will stage on and off sequentially as the water temperature reaches the set points for each stage. In heat mode, the compressors will be staged on at 30 second intervals as regulated by their timers and the compressors will be turned off by their high limit switches as the water temperature reaches the 120ºF set point.
The control circuit for each stage of the chiller is connected to a timer. The timers are set at 30 second intervals at the factory. When the chiller is turned on, the first stage compressor will start in 30 seconds, the second stage compressor will start in 60 seconds, the third in 90, the fourth in 120, and the fifth in 150. If it is necessary to adjust the timers, set the dip switches to add up to the number of seconds desired for each compressor to start after the chiller is turned on. Do not set the time intervals for less than 15 seconds from one compressor to the next. Timer mode of operation is "delay on make".
High and low temperature control of the chilled water loop is protected by the high limit switch and freeze stat. The high limit switch has a 120ºF fixed set point and a 30º differential. The freeze stat is factory set at 38ºF and has a 6ºF differential.
A periodic check to confirm proper actuation/deactuation of the flow switches is recommended. While the chiller is running, turn off the chilled water pump. The chiller should shut down within seconds.
The following procedure should be followed when starting the chilled water system. With the installation complete and the circulation circuit filled and purged of air:
1. Open the sea cock valve to the sea water system.
2. Open all manifold valves.
3. Turn on all the system circuit breakers; chiller, pumps and air handlers.
4. Open all service ball valves to air handlers.
5. Open all the air handler water valves by adjusting their respective controllers. (Refer to air handler control manual.)
6. Turn the chiller on (COOL or HEAT) at the HRC control panel.
Chilled water systems require basic minimal maintenance to insure proper operation and long term reliability. Routine maintenance should be performed at frequent intervals. These intervals - daily, weekly, monthly - will vary from vessel to vessel due to its location and usage. Extended maintenance should be performed at semi-annual or annual intervals. Again, this will vary. Winterization of a system may be required for vessels stored or operating in extremely cold climates. As these items are performed over time, each vessel will develop its own "Maintenance Schedule"
The sea water strainers and thru-hull fittings must be inspected and cleaned regularly to provide sufficient sea water flow through the chiller's condenser coil. Obstructed sea water flow will cause compressors to operate at higher pressures, temperatures and amperages causing excessive wear on internal compressor components and possible nuisance tripping on the pressure switches.
The chilled water circulation circuit must be filled completely with water. Air in the circuit will inhibit performance and cause possible nuisance tripping of the flow switches. Return water pressure should be approximately 12psig while in cool mode and when the system is off. Return water pressure may get as high as 20psig in heat mode due to water expansion. Discharge water pressure should be 25-30 psig while the system is running. Systems without gauges must rely on lack of cooling or heating from the air handlers, or audible noise in the pipes to determine that air exists in the circuit. Note: Continual recurrence of air in the system, or pressure loss, is a sign of a water leak in the circuit.
Return air filters for each air handler must be inspected and cleaned regularly to provide sufficient air flow through each unit. Obstructed air flow will cause poor performance of an air handler, resulting in reduced cooling or heating capacity.
Electrical connections should be inspected and tightened as needed. Heat and vibration can cause connectors to loosen, causing poor contact and voltage drop or arcing. This can cause components to operate poorly, nuisance trip, or prematurely fail. To service electrical components:
It is recommended that systems be operated regularly. Vessels not in use should have their chillers and air handlers cycled on 30-60 minutes once a month. Vessels in use should cycle on limited-use components in similar intervals to those above. Systems should also be cycled to their reverse mode (cool to heat, heat to cool). This helps to maintain pump seals and internal mechanical contacts, while reducing the fouling effect of marine growth in the seawater circuit.
Condenser coils and seawater hoses below the waterline can become fouled over a period of time due to marine growth and/or scale build-up inside the coils. This both obstructs water flow and prohibits proper heat transfer, causing continuous compressor operation with high pressures, temperatures and amperages.
The sea water pump housing and impeller shroud be checked for wear. Seals should be checked and lubricated according to each pump manufacturers recommendations. Worn or pitted impellers should be replaced. Any signs of galvanic corrosion should be addressed immediately.
If the capacity of your air conditioning system is greater than or equal to 48,000 BTU/hr, the sea water pump is most likely air cooled and will need occasional oiling. See manufacturer's labeling on the pump for maintenance instructions.
Sea water pump manufacturer's maintenance recommendations:
Cleaning: Remove oil, dust, dirt, water and chemicals from exterior of motor and pump. Keep motor air inlet and outlet open. Blow out interior of open motors with clean compressed air at low pressure. Regularly drain moisture from TEFC motors.
Labeled Motors: It is imperative for repair of a motor with Underwriters' Laboratories label that original clearances be held: that all plugs, screws and other hardware be fastened securely, and that parts replaced be exact duplicates or approved equals. Violation of any of the above invalidates Underwriters' label.
Lubrication: Pumps should require no maintenance, other than the motor bearings, according to the following instruction:
Double Shielded: When double shielded prelubricated bearings are furnished no lubrication is required for the life of the bearings. Inspect bearings periodically to determine the condition of the grease and replace the bearings if necessary.
Single Shielded w/Grease Fittings: When single shield bearings are furnished periodic inspection, cleaning and relubrication is required. See motor manufacturer's specific instructions.
Air handler motorized water valves should be inspected for corrosion that may bind the gear mechanism.
Air handler condensate drain pans should be inspected for proper drainage.
All control probes and sensors should be inspected for proper location and fastening. Improperly located and/or secured probes will provide erroneous readings, causing improper operation.
Any rust or corrosion present should be inspected immediately. Rusting of components or metal may be caused by exposed metal or the presence of water due to condensation from the chilled water circuit. Bare metal should be cleaned, primed and coated. Sources of condensation should be located and properly sealed. If corrosion is present, the source of the corrosion, either galvanic or chemical, should be determined and then should be dealt with in the appropriate manner.
Winterization is necessary for stored vessels in extremely cold climates. A glycol solution should be introduced into the circulation circuit. Follow the glycol manufacturers recommendations for maximum protection of the system. The following procedures are recommended for winterizing the system.
1. Shut off the fresh water fill valve.
2. Select the highest air handler with easy access and purge excess water pressure from the system at the air bleeder port. The water can be purged into a container or into the condensation pan of the air handler as long as the glycol solution is captured and not discharged overboard.
3. Put the bleeder line into a container of glycol solution.
4. Open an air bleeder port on an air handler located at the lower point in the system. The water may be bled into a container or directly into the condensation pan of the air handler as long as the glycol solution is captured and not discharged overboard. When the glycol solution has been siphoned into the water circuit, close all bleeder ports.
5. Purge the system of any air (see "Filling and Purging the Circulation Circuit").
6. Start the circulation pump to distribute the glycol solution throughout the chilled water circuit.
Warning: For the purpose of protecting the environment, collect and discard discharged glycol solution in accordance with federal, state and/or local regulations.
1. With the system turned off at the circuit breaker on the ships panel, disconnect the inlet and outlet connections of the condenser coil manifolds.
2. Use chemical resistant hoses (MAS white PVC 5/8" I.D., etc.) and adapter connections to connect the inlet and outlet of the manifold to a chemical resistant, submersible pump (MAS P-500 pump, etc.).
3. Place the pump into a container filled with a 3-5% solution of muriatic or hydrochloric acid and fresh water. Use as large of a container as possible to hold the solution (5-25 gal.). Premixed, over the counter solutions can be used, or mix water proportionately with acid (muriatic or hydrochloric). Caution: avoid spilling or splashing the solution. Follow all warnings and recommendations given by the manufacturer of any acids or pre-mixed solutions.
4. Power the pump and circulate the solution through the manifold for 15-45 minutes depending upon the size of the coils and the extent of the contamination. Visual inspection of the solution in the container should indicate when contamination removal has stopped.
5. Circulate fresh water through the coil to flush any residual acid from the system.
6. Restart the system and check operational parameters (pressures, amperage, etc.) to ensure thorough cleaning has taken place. Additional cleaning(s) may be necessary with extreme contamination.
Warning: For the purpose of protecting the environment, dispose of any contaminated acid solutions in accordance with federal, state and/or local regulations.
System will not start. No power to chiller.
System will not start. Chiller has power.
System starts but trips circuit breaker.
System starts but stops after a few minutes.
Circuit Breaker at ship's panel is off.
Mis-wiring or bad connection at terminal strip in electrical box.
Circulating pump not operating.
Control circuit open.
Low pressure switch open.
High pressure switch open.
Freeze stat open.
Control thermostat satisfied.
Flow switch open.
Breaker is undersized.
Not maintaining sufficient AC power on start-up.
Loose or corroded electrical connections.
Compressor start components are faulty.
Inadequate condenser performance leading to high discharge pressure.
System cycled on freeze stat.
Turn on breaker(s) and monitor operation.
Check wiring diagram and correct if inconsistent or repair bad connection.
Pump air locked. Open fresh water fill valve and bleed system.
Circuit breaker for pump turned off. Turn on circuit breaker.
Identify the component with the open circuit.
Fix leaks or restrictions. Attach refrigerant gauges, adjust charge to above 60psig and start chiller.
High pressures may indicate lack of cooling water. Check sea water strainer for blockage. Verify sea water flow.
Supply water temperature too low, see "Thermostat Set Points" section of this manual.
Low circulating water flow. Check for restrictions or resize pump.
Turn on air handlers to load chilled water loop.
With circulating pump operating, check across switch for continuity. Replace if faulty. Check circulating pump for operation and water flow.
Purge air from circuit.
Verify breaker size against specifications on chiller data plate.
Monitor voltage drop during start-up. If a significant drop occurs, check main wiring connections. Access larger power source if necessary.
With power off, check between ground, L1, L2, and if applicable L3 for continuity. Check components for continuity between same. Correct or replace components where necessary.
Check and repair as necessary.
With wires removed, check each component for continuity or short.
Check for sea water flow. Service pump or clean strainer or condenser coils as necessary.
Insufficient water in chilled water loop, see "Filling & Purging the Circulation Circuit" section of this manual.
Temperature set point too low, see "Thermostat Set Points" section of this manual.
Contactor: To check a 230V coil on a contactor you should check to see if there is proper voltage to both sides of the coil, if there is correct voltage and the contactor is not pulled in, the contactor could be faulty. If there is not voltage to both sides of the contactor then something else is open in the control circuit.
Flow switch: With a voltage meter, check across the flow switch terminals on the main terminal strip. If you read zero (0) on your meter, the circuit is closed, if you read 230V across the terminals, circuit is open. Reasons for circuit being open:
1) Low water flow in the chilled water loop.
a) Check circulation pump for proper operation.
2) There is a reed switch mounted on the flow switch. It reads NC for normally closed (water flowing) and NO for normally open (water not flowing).
3) Faulty flow switch.
a) Reed switch has failed.
b) Flow paddle in chilled water loop has failed.
Freeze stats: With a voltmeter, check across the freeze stat terminals. If you read zero (0), the circuit is closed, if you read 230V, the circuit is opened.
Reasons for circuit being open:
1) Chilled water loop is 38ºF or below.
a) Check thermostat for proper settings (see "Thermostat Set Points").
b) Chilled water pressure is low.
c) Poor chilled water circulation.
2) Sensing probe is not sensing properly.
a) Check all wire connections.
b) Make sure sensing probe is in the probe well on the bottom of the outlet pipe on the evaporator.
c) Strap a thermoprobe on the water outlet pipe to check if temperature is reading 36ºF or less.
High limit switch: The high limit switch gets diagnosed just like the freeze stat, except that the water temperature will be 120ºF or higher to open the high limit switch. Switch will close at 90ºF.
High pressure switch: With a volt meter check the high pressure switch terminals on the main terminal strip. If you read zero (0) the switch is closed, if you read 230V the switch is open.
Reasons for the switch being open:
1) Discharge pressure rose above 425psig and has not reset at 200psig yet.
a) Check that there is proper water flow thru the condenser coils (sea water pump and strainer).
b) If system has been in operation for over six months, it is possible that there is build up inside of condenser water circuit. The condenser may need to be cleaned. See the "Sea Water Condenser Coil Cleaning Procedure" in this manual.
Low pressure switch: With a volt meter check the low pressure switch terminals on the main terminal strip. If you read zero (0) the switch is closed, if you read 230V the circuit is open.
Reasons for the switch being open:
1) Refrigerant pressure is below 35psig
a) Check for leak in the refrigerant circuit.
b) Check water flow in the chilled water loop (circulation water pump).
The following warranty is extended to cover products manufactured or supplied by Marine Air Systems Inc., and is subject to qualifications indicated. Marine Air Systems warrants for the periods set forth below that products manufactured or supplied by it will be free from defects in workmanship and material, provided such products are installed, operated and maintained in accordance with Marine Air Systems' written instruction.
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES INCLUDING MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ARE LIMITED TO THE TERMS AND PERIODS OF WARRANTY SET FORTH BELOW AND, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, ANY AND ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES ARE EXCLUDED.
Components comprising a complete system on a new installation are warranted for a period of one (1) year from the date of installation, but not to exceed two (2) years from the date of manufacture at the Marine Air Systems factory. Marine Air Systems will pay labor and travel costs as outlined in its Schedule of Limited Warranty Allowances for removal and re-installation of such components for a period of one (1) year from the date of installation, but not to exceed two (2) years from the date of manufacture at Marine Air Systems factory. OEM installed equipment warranties begin with the commission date of a new vessel. Costs which exceed the schedule of limited warranty allowances, i.e., parts, labor, limited travel allowance, removal and re-installation time are the responsibility of the customer.
Marine Air Systems Inc. will repair or replace, at its option, components found to be defective due to faulty materials or workmanship, when such components, examined by an authorized service dealer or a factory service representative, are found to have a defect for which the company is responsible. Replacement components are warranted for the duration of the remaining warranty period in effect on the original component.
This limited warranty is extended in lieu of all other warranties, agreements or obligations, expressed or implied, concerning Marine Air Systems' components. This limited warranty is extended only to the original purchaser and is not transferable. This limited warranty shall be governed by the laws of the State of Florida and gives the original first end user definite legal rights.
This limited warranty does not cover damages incidental and or consequential to the failure of Marine Air Systems' equipment including but not limited to; normal wear, accident, misuse, abuse, negligence or improper installation, lack of reasonable and necessary maintenance, alteration, civil disturbance or act of God.
No person or dealer is authorized to extend any other warranties or to assume any other liabilities on Marine Air Systems' behalf, unless authorized in writing by an officer of Marine Air Systems.
Copyright 1997 Marine Air Systems, Inc., All Rights Reserved
Every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this manual to insure its accuracy. However, Marine Air Systems assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions. Neither is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of this product and information contained herein.